In late summer/early fall, gardens begin offering gifts that are ours for the taking â€“ all we have to do is recognize them and put them to work.
For instance, fallen leaves are one of the most valuable resources a garden can have. Used as a top-dressing on borderline-hardy plants, a thick mulch of fallen leaves can bring some most unlikely things through the winter.
Some years ago I was fascinated to talk to a gardener who regularly overwintered pleiones (dwarf ground orchids) under a mulch of fallen leaves. A thickness of one foot (30cm) was needed to get them through.
Leaves are also a good weed-suppressing mulch in the vegetable garden. Layered around root vegetables they protect against mild frosts so that carrots, leeks and beets remain harvestable.
But beware: if voles make tunnels in the your soil â€“ donâ€™t mulch. Voles consider root vegetables their private winter pantry.
In the compost, leaves make a carbon-rich buffer when theyâ€™re layered between thick slices of green nitrogen-rich kitchen waste and weeds. With large leaves itâ€™s best to chop them up first because big leaves act like a roof, preventing the rotting process because air and moisture canâ€™t penetrate below.
The easiest answer is to heap leaves on the lawn and run over them repeatedly with a lawnmower. Do the final run with a catchment bag on the lawnmower. A tidier method is dumping the leaves into a clean garbage bin and shredding them with a weed-whacker. Works well for people with strong muscles.
Good temporary leaf storage can be made by making a wire corral in the vegetable garden, dumping leaves in and either putting them in the compost when needed or waiting for freezing and moisture to break them down naturally.
An alternative is storing leaves in big, plastic bags until needed. They break down reasonably well since moisture is held inside the bags.
The last mowings of the season coincide nicely with the harvest from vegetable gardens. Some gardeners used much of this space for kale, Brussel sprouts and other late-season cabbages and will use more to plant garlic.
But where space remains, those late-season grass clippings are a nutritious gift for the soil where vegetables will grow in spring.
Earthworms breed under those moist, warm clippings all winter and make the soil rich and crumbly.
Another bonus at this time of year is the opportunity to gather seed and later this fall, or in spring sow it where you would like to have more of the same plant.
This is almost a no-brainer with hardy annuals such as Nigella.
But almost all plants try to produce seed and scatter it far and wide. This includes many expensive and exotic species such as lilies.
You donâ€™t necessarily have to gather seed either, just fragmenting and scattering the seedheads in the site of your choice can be enough.
News Flash: The Alpine Garden Club of B.C fall plant sale is noon to 4 p.m. on Sept. 20 in the VanDusen Floral Hall.
On offer are a variety of alpine, woodland and other species grown by club members and other small nurseries, and seeds from members various continents.